FROM HISTORY OF ALEXANDROV SLOBODA
Museum - preserve is situated on the territory of Alexandrov Kremlin, which is the oldest country governmental residence of Moscow sovereigns. It is known in the history as outstanding Alexandrovskaya Sloboda and oprichnaya capital of Ivan the Terrible.
But its fate was defined by tsar Ivan IV father - Vasilij III, who was a grand duke of Moscow. After his order the best Russian and Italian masters, who constructed Moscow Kremlin, established in Sloboda a splendid palace. Beginning December 11, 1513, Alexandrovskaya Sloboda was a place of permanent staying there of Tsar, his family and the Court.
There was a special role of Alexandrovskaya Sloboda during a very cruel struggle for power in the second part of XVI -th century.
Tsar Ivan the Terrible transferred it into real capital of the state where he completed the amalgamation of the country.
In accordance with Ivan the Terrible wish Sloboda became the biggest cultural center of Russian state.
Monuments of Alexandrovskaya Sloboda are uncommonly good kept ancient Russian palace and temple ensemble. Ancient monuments of the ensemble refer t to the period of great princely construction of the XVI -th century. It was a time of great changes in the life of Russian state. A spirit of that century, epoch of autocracy establishment and strengthening f Russian power, was reflected in architecture of tsar fortress - in Alexandrovskaya Sloboda.
Russian and Italian architects took part in the construction of the ensemble. Up to the present moment the fortress kept its design of front part and main constructions of "Royal castle".
Fund collections of the museum were formed during 80 years. They reflect a deep, original history and culture of Alexandrovskaya Sloboda of Middle Ages period as a political, and cultural centre Russia of the XVI-th century. They also show a development of Russian province of the XIX -th century. Collections, dates back to the XX-th century, tell about the most important accidents of the century, reflected in the life of Russian town.
"Tsar court in Alexandrovskaya Sloboda"
Exposition shows step by step a transfer of court in the capital of oprichnina and Russian state.
Exposition, opened in white stone palace of the XVII-th century, shows representatives of ruling dynasty of Rurikovitches and Romanovs, lived or visited tsar sloboda, which labor and care supported a status of Alexandrova Sloboda as a tsar patrimony during some centuries.
"Pokrovskaya church - is a house temple of tsar palace"
It is possible to see here a unique plot painting of hipped roof. Content of frescoes was probably defined by Ivan the Terrible. A main proud of te exhibition is a white stone, fretted portal. Made at the end of the XVI-th century, probably by Italian masters and reconstructed in our days.
"Tsar Ivan the Terrible in painting"
A chamber exhibition of paintings frm the collection of the museum is situated in palace of the beginning of the XVI-th century, which had been, probably, "money storage" of tsar court. The exhibition reflects impressions of painters of different periods (from XVII century up to our days) of one of the most outstanding Russian tsars. A gallery is very different: Ivan the Wise, Ivan the Imperious, Ivan the Terrible.
On the exhibition there is Ivan the Terrible in paintings from a collection of the museum "Alexandrovskaya Sloboda".
White stone palace building of the beginning of the XVI -th century. In the XVI-th century there were wedding ceremonies of Russian Monarch Ivan the Terrible. Court wedding ceremonies needed a special building which was used for the first marriage night of tsar persons. Decoration of the building is penetrated with the spirit of Christian symbolism and Russian Heathen traditions. A marriage of Ivan the Terrible showed a political status of Alexandrovskaya Sloboda.
"Treasures of three centuries"
One of the popular artistic exhibitions. A light, high interior of Uspenskaya Church, low music and a wonderful collection of monuments of middle ages art ( manuscripts, old printed books, icons, decorative and applied art, textiles, sewing) are very impressive.
"Customs of our old times"
Exhibition gives a possibility to be in the provincial town of 19-th century, to look at the flat of any solvent petty bourgeois. Reconstructed interior of the flat, real subjects of that time: cloths, furniture, dishes shows a life of citizens.
Costs of services
General excursion on Alexandrov Kremlin, residence of Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible, who with a blood strength and word created a united Russian state -"One day at the Court". ( Architectural Ensemble, palaces, Pokrovskji temple- house church of Ivan the Terrible, historical and art exhibition ).
Prices for January, 1: Program time - 2,5 hours. Price for foreign visitors -
There 20 interesting programs in the museum. The most popular are:
1. "Samovar is boiling - asks to stay". A tasteful tea and cakes will be suggested during the exhibition "Traditions of our old years". Tea ceremony in Russia. Price for foreign visitors -
2. "Match-making" - we suggest you to be a participant of this original musical program about traditions, customs and life of peasants of XIX century. Price for foreign visitors -
3. "Visit" - Possibility to know different curt manners of last centuries, theatre improvisations with participation of guests. Price for foreign visitors -
4. "Tsar kvass" - cooking of different traditional drinks in Russia in XVI century. Price for foreign visitors - 35